For Immediate Release, Wednesday, December 8, 2010
For More Information, Please Contact:

Cesaltine Gregorio, ISDA New York, +1 212-901-6019,  

Deirdre Leahy, ISDA New York, +1 212-901-6021,

Donna Chan, ISDA Hong Kong, +852 2200 5906,  


ISDA Releases Two Transparency Studies


NEW YORK, Wednesday, December 8, 2010 – The International Swaps and Derivatives Association, Inc. (ISDA) today published two studies on transparency in the OTC derivatives industry with respect to credit default swaps (CDS) and interest rates swaps (IRS). The studies highlight the spectrum of methods that can be used to increase transparency while analyzing the benefits and costs of doing so. The papers also attempt to identify who would accrue the additional benefits and costs in each instance. Both studies investigate pre- and post trade transparency. They discuss the status of these two asset classes and offer proposed steps towards increasing transparency.


For CDS, the study found that increased transparency may affect large and small trades differently and suggests it may be necessary to consider different transparency requirements for large trades. The move towards central clearing of standard CDS contracts, the study states, will increase the level of transparency as will reporting of CDS trades to data repositories.


For the interest rate market, trade sizes are large in notional terms but the number of trades tends to be smaller than other markets such as equity, and trades are more customized to meet clients' hedging needs. The study finds that the industry would benefit from improving transparency in key areas, including considering the "end-of-day dissemination of anonymised, composite post-trade indicators for the interest rate market either based on current trades going through electronic platforms or those registered in trade repositories" as this may be more effective and easier to implement than moving IRS to exchanges.


"These studies, coupled with other research that ISDA has recently conducted among derivatives end-users and market participants, are part of our ongoing commitment to make the OTC derivatives markets safer and more efficient by ensuring appropriate levels of  transparency," said Conrad Voldstad, CEO, ISDA. "This work underscores the importance of understanding the current levels and types of transparency that exist in the various OTC derivatives markets, and of developing solutions that balance the desire for greater transparency with the need to maintain liquidity.”


Both studies propose that a distinction be made between regulatory transparency and market transparency. Both also warn that increased public transparency that does not take transaction size into account may affect liquidity in the CDS and IRS space and may have a destabilizing effect on the markets. Additionally, the studies discuss the important impact of increased transparency on the population of block trades.


The IRS and CDS transparency studies form part of a set of commitments the industry made to an international group of supervisors in March 2010. They were conducted by Finance Concepts with input from an ISDA industry working group with representation from buy- and sell side firms. The studies are available on the ISDA website  A study on transparency in the equity swaps market will be published next.


The studies add to the body of research on transparency, liquidity and price  competitiveness that ISDA has conducted over the past year.   ISDA’s survey of end-users in the OTC derivatives markets showed a great level of satisfaction with the level of pre-trade transparency for the largest asset classes and satisfactory levels of transparency for less frequently used products.  In collaboration with an independent advisory and risk consulting firm, ISDA conducted a blind test among market participants on liquidity, transparency and competitiveness of the "plain vanilla" US Dollar and Euro IRS markets.  The research showed that the IRS market is extremely liquid with excellent price transparency and competitiveness.


About ISDA

ISDA, which represents participants in the privately negotiated derivatives industry, is among the world’s largest global financial trade associations as measured by number of member firms. ISDA was chartered in 1985, and today has over 830 member institutions from 59 countries on six continents. These members include most of the world’s major institutions that deal in privately negotiated derivatives, as well as many of the businesses, governmental entities and other end users that rely on over-the-counter derivatives to manage efficiently the financial market risks inherent in their core economic activities. Information about ISDA and its activities is available on the Association's web site:


ISDA® is a registered trademark of the International Swaps & Derivatives Association, Inc.